VITEEE 2021 Program Most important part of the exam. The entrance exam at the Vellore Institute of Technological Engineering (VITEEE) organizes your entrance exam.
VIT University claims to admit students based on merit through an online entrance exam.
At the Chennai campus, they are offered B.tech programs: Civil Engineering, Computing and Engineering, Electronic Engineering and Computing, Fashion Technology, Electronic and Communications Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering.
- 1 Physics
- 2 Optics
- 3 Chemistry
Laws of Motion & Work, Energy, and Power
Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.
Properties of Matter
behaviors, stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, volume modulus, shear modulus of stiffness, Poisson’s ratio, elastic energy. Viscosity, Stokes’s law, terminal velocity, aerodynamic and turbulent flow, critical velocity. Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.
Loads and their conservation; Coulomb’s law forces between two point electric charges, Forces between several principles of superposition of electric charges. Electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, the intensity of the electric field due to a dipole, the behavior of a dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric potential, potential difference: electric potential due to a point charge and equipotential dipole surfaces electric potential energy of a system with two point charges.
The electric current flow of charges in a metallic conductor, drift speed and mobility, and its relationship with an electric current. Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, VI characteristics electrical resistivity and conductivity: classification of materials in terms of conductivity, carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors, a combination of resistors in series and parallel, the temperature dependence of resistor, the internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combinations of cells in series and parallel.
Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Magnetic effect of electric current, Concept of the magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Biot-Savart’s law – Magnetic field due to an infinitely long current carried by a straight wire and a circular coil, Tangent galvanometer, construction and operation, Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines.
Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Current
Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, electromotive force, and induced current, Lenz’s law. Self-induction, mutual induction, self-induction of a long solenoid, the mutual inductance of two long solenoids. Methods of induction of electromotive force, (i) modifying the magnetic induction (ii) modifying the area surrounded by the coil and (iii) modifying the orientation of the coil (quantitative treatment).
Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection, and its applications, optical fibers, refraction on spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens manufacturer formula.
The magnification, the power of a lens, the combination of thin contact lenses, the combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and scattering of light through a prism. Diffusion of the celestial color of the sky and reddish appearances of the sun at sunrise and sunset.
Dual Nature of Radiation & Atomic Physics
Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, photoelectric emission laws, electromagnetic spectrum, photoelectric effect, light waves and photons, Einstein’s photoelectric equation, photoelectric cells and their applications Atomic structure, nature of light particles, electron discovery, specific charge ( Thomson’s method) and alpha electron scattering charge (Millikan’s oil drop method), Rutherford’s atomic model.
Nuclear properties, nuclear rays, masses, binding energy, density, charge, isotopes, isobars and isotones, nuclear mass defect, core stability, binding energy, Bainbridge mass spectrometer.
Discovery, properties, artificial transmutation, Nature of nuclear forces, Neutron, Particle accelerator. Radioactivity, alpha, beta, and gamma radiation and their properties, radioactive decay law, half-life, half-life, artificial radioactivity, radioisotopes, effects and uses, Geiger counter, Muller. Radiocarbon dating. Nuclear fission, chain reaction, atomic bomb, nuclear reactor, nuclear fusion, the hydrogen bomb, cosmic rays, elementary particles.
Semiconductor Devices and their Applications
Insulators and Semiconductors, Fundamentals of Semiconductors, Energy Band in Solids: The Difference Between Metals, Doping Semiconductors, Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors
P-N junction formation, barrier potential and depletion layer-P-N junction diode, forward and reverse bias characteristics, diode as rectifier, Zener diode-Zener diode as a voltage regulator, LED. Junction transistors, characteristics, transistor as a switch, transistor as an amplifier, transistor as an oscillator.
Logic gates, NOT, OR, AND, EXOR using discrete components, NAND and NOR gates as universal gates, De Morgan’s theorem, laws and theorems of Boolean algebra.
Bohr atomic model: Sommerfeld extension of the atomic structure; Pauli exclusion principle, electron configuration, and quantum numbers; Forms of s, p, d, f orbital, Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity: Aufbau’s principle. Emission and absorption spectra, line and band spectra; Hydrogen spectrum of the Lyman, Balmer, Paschen, Brackett and Pfund series; de Broglie theory; Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, wave nature of the electronic equation of the Schrödinger wave (no derivation). Eigenvalues and eigenfunctions. Hybridization of atomic orbitals involving s, p, and d orbitals.
p,d, and f Block Elements
Hydrogen halides, p-block elements Phosphorous compounds; PCR, PCR oxides. Interhalogen compounds. Xenon fluoride compounds. General characteristics of the d-block elements Electronic configuration Oxidation states of the transition elements of the first row and their colors.
Presence and extraction principles: copper, silver, gold, and zinc. Preparation and properties of CuSO, AgNO, and K Cr O. Lanthanides-Introduction, electronic configuration, general characteristics, oxidation, contraction state of lanthanides, uses a brief comparison of lanthanides and actinides.
Coordination Chemistry & Solid State Chemistry
Introduction, Terminology in coordination chemistry, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Isomerism, geometric isomerism in complexes with 4 coordinates and 6 coordinates.
Theories on coordination compounds, Werner’s theory (short), valence bond theory. Use of coordination compounds. Bioorganic compounds (hemoglobin and chlorophyll).
Lattice unit cell, systems, types of crystals, settlement in solids; Ionic crystals, imperfections in solids, point defects. X-ray diffraction, electrical property, amorphous solids (elementary ideas only).
Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium & Chemical Kinetics
spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes, law I and II of thermodynamics, entropy, Gibb free energy, change of free energy and chemical equilibrium, the meaning of entropy.
Le Chatlier’s principle, the law of mass action, applications of chemical equilibrium. Rate of expression, order and molecule reactions, zero-order reaction, first order and pseudo-first-order, half-life.
Determination of the rate constant and the order of the reaction. Temperature dependence of the rate constant, the Arrhenius equation, and the activation energy.
Theory of electrical conductance; metallic and electrolytic conductance. Faraday’s laws, the theory of strong electrolytes Specific resistance, specific conductance, equivalent and molar conductance, a variation of conductance with dilution Kohlrausch’s law, ionic product of water, pH and pH buffers, use of pH values. Cells, electrodes and electrode potentials, cell construction and EMF values, fuel cells, corrosion, and its prevention.
Isomerism in Organic Compounds
Classification, structural isomerism, definition, stereoisomerism – geometric and optical isomerism. Chirality of optical activity, compounds containing chiral centers, R, S notation, D, L notation.
Alcohols & Ethers
Classification of alcohols, distinction 0 0 0 between 1, 2 and 3 alcohols, Nomenclature of alcohols, General methods of preparation of primary alcohols, properties. Dihydric alcohols preparation methods: Glycol, properties, uses.
Methods of preparation of trivalent alcohols, Properties Uses. Preparation of aromatic alcohol and properties of phenols and benzyl alcohol.
Ethers, Nomenclature of others, general methods of preparation of aliphatic ethers, properties, uses. Aromatic ethers Preparation of anisole uses.
Nomenclature of carbonyl compounds, comparison of aldehydes and ketones. General methods for preparing aldehydes Properties uses. Aromatic aldehydes, benzaldehyde preparation, properties, and uses. Ketones General methods of preparation of aliphatic ketones (acetone), properties, uses. Aromatic ketones, acetophenone preparation, Properties Uses, benzophenone preparation, Properties.
Name of reactions; Clemmenson reduction, Wolff Kishner reduction, Cannizzaro reaction, Claisen Schmidt reaction, benzoin condensation, aldol condensation. Grignard reagent preparation and applications.
Carboxylic Acids & their derivatives
Preparation of aliphatic monocarboxylic acid formic acid, nomenclature, properties, uses. Monohydroxy monocarboxylic acids; Lactic acid, lactic acid synthesis. Aliphatic dicarboxylic acids; Preparation of oxalic and succinic acids. Aromatic acids; Benzoic and salicylic acids, properties, uses.
Carboxylic acid derivatives; acetyl chloride (CH COCl), Properties of preparation 3, Uses. Acetamide preparation, Properties – acetic anhydride – Preparation, Properties. Preparation of methyl acetate esters, properties.
Organic Nitrogen Compounds & Biomolecules
Aliphatic nitro compounds, Preparation of aliphatic nitroalkanes Properties, Uses. Aromatic nitro compounds, preparation properties, uses. The distinction between aliphatic and aromatic nitro compounds.
Amines; aliphatic amines, general preparation methods 0 0 0 Properties Distinction between 1, 2, and 3 amines. Aromatic amines, synthesis of benzylamine properties, properties of aniline preparation, applications.
Differences between aliphatic and aromatic amines. Aliphatic nitriles, Preparation – Properties Uses. Diazonium salts, preparation of benzene diazonium chloride Properties.