Indian Education System

Today I’m going to talk about an important topic on which depends the future of our country. Which depends on the future of the education system of our country and the children of our country. This policy is “No detention policy” That means no student can fail until the 8th std of schooling. This policy was into effect so far, but now the Government is thinking to take it out. I would like to tell you why this is going to make our education system worse from the bad and what can you do to take action for changing this.

Right to Education

First, I will tell you the history of this policy. This policy was introduced in the year 2009 under the Right to Education act. This was told that every child up to the age of 14 should have access to educational rights under the Right to education. Hence this was decided that the system of Pass/Fail will be discontinued till 8th standard and the concept of CCE was introduced.

Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)

Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE), here an all-round evaluation of a child is done throughout the year, so the pressure of failing the exam is reduced. This policy was inspired by the developed countries and the purpose of this policy was to reduce the stress of exams from the students and also to reduce the dropout rates due to failure thereby providing education to the maximum students. The thought you must be having about this policy is that if a child has no pressure of exams till 8th standard then he might neglect the studies and finally in the 10th or 12th standard during exams he will not have much experience leading to bad performance. Exactly the same thought came to my mind when I heard about this policy that if a child won’t appear for any exams till 8th standard then he will neglect his studies.

But Friends, the data reflects a different story, in fact, a very opposite one. Students who pass in 2012 after the No detention policy are raising the passing percentage. Also, dos-year dropout rates in CBSE Schad No detention policy experience before their 8th standard. We have seen here that student pools between the standard 1st-5th were reduced as a result of this policy from 9 percent in 2009 to 65 percent in 2012. So, these two data show that the future performance of the students is improved if they don’t have Pass / Fail pressure and help them stay interested in school.

The reason behind this is that if a child since standard 1st to 8th is thinking about Pass/ fail then he is influenced towards rote learning because cracking an exam somewhere leads to rote learning whereas when a student’s focus is not on exams he tends to develop reasoning abilities and understanding concepts is his major focus. hence I feel that No Detention policy brings a positive effect. Data also shows us that chances of school dropouts increase among the students who have failed even once. as they get demotivated and stops studying.

In the National Family Health Survey of 2005, the top 5 reasons for students dropouts one major reason was “repeated failures” where children get demotivated due to failing again and again in the classroom and drops out of the school. here the number one reason was students’ disinterest in studies. Normally I do not like it when people divide on the basis of caste and religion and classify them based on different criteria. but in such issues looking at the caste-based data is very valuable to see the development of all the religions in the country.

So, if we divide the school dropouts rate based on gender, caste and religion Then, religion-wise the dropout rates are highest among the Muslims castewise it’s highest among the scheduled Tribe at 16.55% followed by schedule caste and OBC General Category is the lowest with only 11% school drop out rates. Between Girls and boys, The school drop out rates is highest among girls. So, the purpose behind these statistics is that if NDP is discontinued these castes, religion and gender will be highly affected.

Hence the differences prevailing in our societies based on castes and religions will keep on increasing. Another reason why No Detention Policy shouldn’t be discontinued is the financial and economical loss incurred upon the country due to detentions. You can imagine this by understanding that if a child is studying up to the fifth standard and dropping out in class 6, the investment in his education will be wasted up to the fifth standard whether by school, government or his own parents.

Such money is of no use, the child couldn’t be educated and a non-educated individual is a loss for the country as a burden. Such a financial loss is incurred to a country when a child is asked to repeat a class. According to 2010, UNESCO data, every additional year of schooling increases individuals earning by 10% and brings a change of 0.37% on the annual GDP of the country. One more important reason I can give here Friends is as a society we have reached a tipping point related to exam pressure.

This issue has been covered in the movies as well like 3 Idiots where exam pressure leads to suicide. in fact according to data, every one hour, one child suicides in our country. There are some cases related to exams in our country which we have never dreamt of. A 12th standard student of Ryan school killed a 7 years old child to postpone his exams. 4 schoolgirls died after jumping in a well when they failed a monthly exam.

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